• Obesity Increases Complication Risk in Elective Breast Surgery

    Overweight woman getting checked by doctor with stethoscope --- Image by © Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc./Blend Images/Corbis

    Well, friends, the bad news about being overweight just never seems to end.  This time, researchers have found that in addition to increasing your risk for diabetes, heart disease and a myriad of other health problems, obesity will increase your risk of developing complications after elective breast surgery by almost 12 percent.

    The November 2011 issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the trade journal for the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, includes the results of a four-year study (2002-2006) that included more than 8,000 patients.  In other words, it was an awesome study because it covered a large period of time and studied lots and lots of people.

    Thirty-four percent of adults are now estimated to be obese (a body mass index greater than 30), which is up from 15 percent 30 years ago.  The negative effects of obesity on overall health have been well documented, but there haven’t been too many studies that look at the effect of obesity on surgical outcomes.

    Here’s how the researchers went about it:

    They looked at millions of claims from seven different Blue Cross and Blue Shields plans. Using some filtering, they found about 3.5 million obese patients, and then found 2,403 women who had elective breast surgery.  For comparison, they also found 5,597 women who were not obese and who also had elective breast surgery.

    In the obese group, 80.7 percent had breast reduction, 10.3 percent had breast reconstruction, 1.5 percent had a breast lift with augmentation, 3.5 percent had a breast lift only and 4 percent had breast augmentation only.

    And here is what they found:

    Overall, 18.3 percent of obese patients had a claim for a complication, compared with only 2.2 percent in the control group. In other words, obesity increased the odds of experiencing a complication by 11.8-fold after adjusting for other variables.

    Why do obese people have more complications?

     

    1.  They usually have multiple medical illnesses that slow down wound healing such as diabetes, etc.

    2. Fatty tissue doesn’t heal as well as non-fatty tissue.  When I’m sewing it together, it’s harder to sew.  Then, because fatty tissue has less robust blood flow, it doesn’t heal as well.

    3.  Obese people don’t usually exercise, and thus, may have worse circulation.

    4.  Fatty tissue, in general, has poor blood flow.

     

    If you’d like to read the full study, it can be found at: http://journals.lww.com/plasreconsurg/Fulltext/2011/11000/The_Impact_of_Obesity_on_Breast_Surgery.5.aspx

     

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